Development context

Waste electrical and electronic equipment is a special category of waste because:

  • it contains substances dangerous for the environment and human health, such as gases with greenhouse effect and which affect the ozone layer, mercury, cadmium, lead, heavy metals etc.
  • Significant amounts of secondary raw materials can be recovered, including materials which are critical resources in the current economy (cobalt, rare earths, precious metals). Including secondary raw materials in new products considerably reduces their carbon footprint.

In this respect, Romania is situated on the last place in the European Union.

One of the main causes for this is the low level of awareness among the population.

The survey conducted in July 2014 by ECOTIC together with GBD Research (more details here), using an urban survey of 1,000 people ages 18-65 years, representative at national level (maximum margin of error 3.1%) revealed the following:

  • 3% spontaneous and 87% assisted – from the urban population knows that WEEE can be recycled
  • 64% have not handed over WEEE to authorised entities
  • 60% do not know what hazardous substances can be found in WEEE
  • 40% do not know where they should correctly dispose of WEEE
  • 64% have unused equipment or WEEE  in their home (non-operational or replaced)



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